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Outline and Readings
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Midterm Examination
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Liberal vs. Participatory Democracy (January 9)

Part One

Liberal Democracy

Presuppositions of Liberalism (January 11)

  • Marc Stier, Discovery or Invention, chapter 1. #

Contractarian Liberalism (January 16)

  • John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, ed. Peter H. Nidditch (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975) Book II, chapter 21. *
  • John Locke, Second Treatise of Government in Two Treatises of Government, ed. Peter Laslett (New York: New American Library, 1965). *

Utilitarian Liberalism (January 18)

  • Jeremy Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation *

Forms of Liberal Democratic Government (January 23, 25)

Types of Liberal Democracy I: Pluralism vs. Majoritarianism (January 30, February 1)

  • James Mill, An Essay On Government ed. Currin V. Shields (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1955). #
  • E. E. Schattschneider, et. al. "Towards a Responsible Party System" pp. 15-21.
  • James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, The Federalist, numbers 9, 10
  • Robert Dahl, A Preface to Democratic Theory, ch. 5.
  • Robert Paul Wolff, "Beyond Tolerance," pp. 3-38.

Types of Liberal Democracy II: Elitism vs. Populism (February 6, 8)

  • James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, The Federalist, numbers 39, 47-51.
  • Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 3rd edition (New York: Harper, 1950), pp. 243-250, 269-284.
  • William Alton Kelso, American Democratic Theory, ch. 4
  • Robert Paul Wolff, "Beyond Tolerance," pp. 39-52.
  • Reading to be announced. #

Types of Liberal Democracy III: Egalitarianism vs. Inegalitarianism (February 13, 15)

  • Ralph Miliband, The State in Capitalist Society, chapters to be announced #

Types of Liberal Democracy IV: Centralization vs Decentralization (February 20)


Political Conflict in Contemporary Liberal Democracies (February 27)

Individualism and Liberalism in Extremis: The Dilemma of Contemporary Liberal Democracy (February 29, March 12)

  • Marc Stier, Discovery or Invention, 42 #
  • Michael Walzer, Civility and Civil Virtue #
  • Samuel Huntington, "The Democratic Distemper."

Part Two

Participatory Democracy

The Critique of Liberal Democracy: The Rousseauian Argument (March 14, 19, 21)

  • J. J. Rousseau, A Discourse on the Origins of Inequality in The First and Second Discourses, trans. Roger D. and Judith R. Masters and ed. Roger D. Masters (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1964). *
  • Alexis de Toqueville, Democracy in America, Volume I, Part II, chapters 7-8; Volume II, Part II, chapters 1-9, 13, 19, 20; Part IV, chapters 1-4, 6-8.
  • Philip Slater, The Pursuit of Loneliness, pp. 1-28 100-112, 126-136.
  • Robert Bellah, Richard Madsen, William M. Sullivan, Ann Swidler, and Steven M. Tipton, Habits of the Heart, chs. 3,6, 11.

The Critique of Liberal Democracy: The Marxist-Millian Argument (March 26, 28)

  • Karl Marx, The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 in Robert C. Tucker, The Marx-Engels Reader, second edition (New York: Norton, 1978). *
  • John Stuart Mill, On Liberty ed. David Spitz (New York: Norton, 1975). *
  • Paul Goodman, Growing Up Absurd, chapter 1.
  • Christopher Lasch, The Culture of Narcissism, (New York: Norton, 1978) chapters 3, pp. 52-63, and 5.
  • Robert Blauner, Alienation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964), pages to be announced. #

Participatory Democracy in the Corporation and Property Rights (April 2)

  • J. J. Rousseau, The Social Contract trans. Judith R. Masters and ed. Roger D. Masters. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978. *
  • Michael Walzer, Spheres of Justice, (New York: Basic Books, 1983) ch. 12.

Political Participation and the Corporation (April 4, 9)

The Workplace as a Political Entity and the Importance of Political Participation at Work
  • Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970), chs1, 2. #
Forms of Participation in the Corporation
  • Daniel Zwerdling, Workplace Democracy, chapters to be announced. #
  • Christopher Eaton Gunn, Worker's Self-Management in the United States, chapters 3, 4. #
Participation and Efficiency
  • Carole Pateman, Participation and Democratic Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970), chs. 5, 6. #
  • Reading to be announced #

Is Participatory Democracy Incoherent?: Tensions Within and Between the Rousseauian and Marxist Arguments 
(April 11)

Part III

Combining Traditions

The Aristotelian Alternative (April 16)

  • Aristotle, The Nichomachean Ethics trans. Terence Irwin (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1985),*.
  • Aristotle, The Politics, trans. Carnes Lord (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984)*

Liberal and Participatory Democracy Together? (April 18)


From Here to There, Eventually? (April 23)