Course Outline and Readings

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Course Outline and Readings
Paper Instructions

I. Introduction

  • David A. J. Richards, Sex, Drugs, Death and the Law, ch. 1

II. Arguments for Civil Liberty

  • John Locke, An Essay on Toleration
  • John Stuart Mill, On Liberty
  • John Rawls, The Basic Liberties and Their Priority
  • Jürgen Habermas, Legitimation Crisis, selections
  • Marc Stier, “Rationality and Civil Liberty

III. Problems regarding Civil Liberty and Civil Disobedience

 A. Freedom of Speech

  • * Gitlow v. New York
  • * Dennis v United States
  • * Yates v United States
  • * Brandenburg v. Ohio

B. Freedom of Religion and the Establishment of Religion

  • * Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, query XVII
  • * James Madison, "Memorial and Remonstrance"
  • * Gitlow v. New York
  • * Reynolds v United States
  • * Minersville School District v. Gobitis
  • * West Virginia v Barnette
  • * Everson v. Board of Education
  • * Engel v Vitale
  • * Walz v Tax Commission

C. Freedom of the Press

  • * Near vs. Minnesota

  • * Shephard v. Maxwell

  • * Gertz v. Welch

  • * Zurcher v. Stanford Daily

  • * New York Times v. United States (The Pentagon Papers case)

  • * Branzburg v Hayes

  • * Ronald Dworkin, "The Rights of Myron Farber"

  • Ronald Dworkin, "Is the Press Losing the First Amendment" in B&P

D. Civil Disobedience and Conscription

  • * Welsh v United States

  • * John Rawls, "The Justification of Civil Disobedience"

  • * Marshall Cohen, "Civil Disobdience in a Constitutional Democracy"

  •  Michael Walzer, Obligations, chs 1, 2, 3

  • * Martin Luther King, Jr. "Letter From Birmingham City Jail"

  • "A Symposium on Civil Disobedience and the Vietnam War"

  •  Michael Walzer, Obligations, chs 4, 5, 6

  • * Eliot Cohen, "Why We Need A Draft"

E.  Privacy, Abortion and Euthanasia

  • * Griswold v Connecticut

  • * Roe v. Wade

  • * Harris v McRae

  • Judith Jarvis Thomson, "A Defense of Abortion" in B&P

  • Baruch Brody, "The Morality of Abortion" in B&P

  • H. Tristram Engelhardt, "Viability and the Use of the Fetus" in B&P

  • James Rachel, "Active and Passive Euthanasia" in B&P

  • Tom L. Beauchamp, "A Reply to Rachels" in B&P

  • Richard B. Brandt, "Defective Newborns and the Morality of Termination" in B&P

F. Criminal Investigations and Social Disorder

  • Hadley Arkes, The Philosopher in the City, chs. 4-6

1. Police Discretion
  • * Joseph Goldstein, "Police Discretion Not to Invoke   the Criminal Process: Low-Visibility Decisions in the  Adminstration of Justice"

  • * Michael K. Brown, "Political Control of Police  Discretion: The Dilemmas of Reform"

2. Prosecutorial Discretion and Plea Bargaining
  • * George F. Cole, "The Decision to Prosecute"

  • * Milton Heumann, "Adapting to Plea Bargaining: Prosecutors"

  • * Michael L. Rubinstein and Teresa J. White, "Plea Bargaining: Can Alaska Live Without It?

3. The Exclusionary Rule
  • * Mapp v. Ohio

  • * United States v. Leon

  • * Massachusetts v. Sheppard

4. Undercover Operations
  • House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommitte on Civil and Constitutional Rights, "Executive Summary of Report on FBI Undercover Operations" and "Dissenting Views of Messrs. Sensenbrenner, Gekas and DeWine"

G. Paternalism and The Scope of Civil Liberty

  • Hadley Arkes, The Philosopher in the City, chs. 14, 15

  • Patrick Devlin, "Morals and the Criminal Law" in B&P

  • H. L. A. Hart, "Social Solidarity and the Enforcement of Morality" in B&P

  • Gerald Dworkin, "Paternalism", in B&P

  • Tom L. Beauchamp, "A Critique of Paternalism" in B&P

  • David A.J. Richards, Sex Drugs, Death and the Law, chs. 2, 3, 4

III. Equal Protection

A. Race and Justice

  • * Plessy v. Ferguson

  • * Sweatt v Painter

  • * Brown v. Board of Education

  • * Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenburg

  • * Milliken v Bradley

  • * DeFunis v Odegaard

  • * Regents of California v Bakke

  • * Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Company v Weber

  • * Griggs v Duke Power

  • Hadley Arkes, The Philosopher in the City, ch. 9

  • Marshall Cohen, Thomas Nagel and Thomas Scanlon, eds. Equality and Preferential Treatment, selections to be announced

  • * Robert Amdur, "Compensatory Justice: The Question of Costs"

B. Sex and Justice
  • * Reed v Reed

  • * Frontiero v Richardson

  • * Rostker v Goldberg

  • * Stanton v Stanton

  • * Cleveland Board of Education v LaFleur

  • * Mary Cornelia Porter, “Androgyny and the Supreme Court”

IV. Punishment and Responsibility

A. The Justification of Punishment
  • Gertrude Ezorsky, ed., Philosophical Perspectives on Punishment, selections

  • H.L.A. Hart, Punishment and Responsibility, selections

B. Diminished Responsibility 
  • H.L.A. Hart, Punishment and Responsibility, selections

  • * Robert McKay, "The McNaughten Rules: Are They Really Obsolete?"

  • * Norval Morris, Madness and the Criminal Law, selections

C. The Death Penalty 
  • Ernest van den Haag, "On Deterrence and the Death Penalty" in B&P

  • Hugo Adam Bedau, "Deterrence and the Death Penalty: A Reconsideration"

  • * David Bruck, "Decisions of Death"

V. Constitutional Interpretation and Moral Philosophy: An Overview

  • Robert Bork, The Tempting of America, selections

  • Ronald Dworkin, Law’s Empire, selections

  • John Hart Ely, Democracy and Dissent, selections